High blood pressure or hypertension is a common ailment and a major health threat that most people don’t pay much attention to. However, several things can help you identify, manage and treat this medical condition. Knowing that it is bad and can lead to strokes or a heart attack is not the only thing that you should know about. Here are some important facts that can help you understand this condition better.
- It is a common medical condition and by the time you reach 55 to 65, your chances of being diagnosed with high blood pressure increases by 40%. If by the age of 55-65 you are not diagnosed with hypertension, you will still have a 90% chance of developing it in the next few years of your life.
- Hypertension is known as the silent killer. It does not show any noticeable symptoms and sometimes it might go undetected for years. In fact, 20% people, who have high blood pressure, don’t even know about it. While you are unaware that you have high blood pressure, the symptoms might be adversely affecting your body and causing serious problem that can affect you later in life.
- Having a blood pressure target is necessary. For most people, the normal blood pressure range lies between 140/90. However, if you have diabetes, your target should be less than 130/80. Normal adults report blood pressure readings of 120/80.
- High blood pressure should be left untreated, even if it is not causing you any discomfort. It is crucial that you identify, treat and control your hypertension before it can lead to strokes, heart attack, heart failure and blood vessel blockage and disease. Every numerical 20-mmHg increase in your systolic reading (the top number in your blood pressure measurement) and every 10 mmHg increases in diastolic reading can double the risk of you having a heart-related disease.
- Although you diet and physical activity levels can primary be the main reason for high blood pressure, some risks are out of your control. High blood pressure can be genetic and can be passed on if the disease runs in your family. If you have a family history of it and don’t have it yet, keep getting it checked regularly to catch it early.
- Some high blood pressure risks can be easily controlled. Eliminating smoking, limiting alcohol and salt intake, getting regular exercise, limiting caffeine consumption and losing weight (if you are overweight) can be the key to getting control over your hypertension.
- The first thing that you hear after you are diagnosed with hypertension is to consume a low sodium diet, which has low quantities of salt. Salt is the primary ingredient, which is singlehandedly responsible for 30% of hypertension cases.
- If you are used to of relieving your pain by medicating with ibuprofen and naproxen or take cold medicines that contain pseudoephedrine, this can increase your risks of being diagnosed with high blood pressure. These over-the-counter medicines can increase your risk or worsen your condition if you are already diagnosed with high blood pressure. Therefore, always consult your doctor before using any over the counter medications.
- After being diagnosed with high blood pressure, you will probably be treated with a combination of medications. According to several successful research studies, treating high blood pressure through more than one medication in lower dosages can help control high blood pressure efficiently and effectively with a negligible chance for side effects.
If you have a family history of high blood pressure or want to stay alert about any heart-related diseases, contact us today and consult our medical professionals.