What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease in which the body’s blood glucose level is above normal, which makes it difficult for the cells to get the glucose, which can result in a number of problems.
Different Types of Diabetes
There are three basic types of diabetes:
- Type 1: This is when the pancreas does not produce any insulin. Around 10% of patients who are diabetic have Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2: This is the most common type of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the body doesn’t make enough insulin for all the cells or that the cells ignore the insulin which is typically known as insulin resistance.
- Gestational Diabetes: It is a type of diabetes that pregnant women can get and usually disappears when the pregnancy is over.
Causes of Diabetes
There can be several reasons for diabetes such as age, weight, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and sedentary lifestyle.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Some of the symptoms include:
- Dry skin
- Excessive thirst
- Extreme hunger
- Feeling tired
- Frequent urination
- Stomach pains
- Tingling sensation
- Unexplained weight loss
- Vision changes
Treatment Of Diabetes
For Type 1
For type 1 diabetes, you can get insulin injections, eat healthy, and do exercise. The amount of insulin that you will take should be balanced out with the food that you are eating and with exercise. Make sure that you monitor blood glucose level frequently.
For Type 2
For type 2 diabetes, you will have to exercise, eat healthy, and take insulin injections and oral medications.
Frequently Asked Questions
Which medicines will I need to take?
There are many different medications given by the doctor that can be classified as sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones or biguanides.
What will happen I don’t control my diabetes?
You will experience a lot of complications such as:
- Constant headaches
- Damage to the nervous system
- Hardening of arteries
- High blood pressure
- High glucose level
- Retinal damage
What is pre-diabetes?
Pre-diabetes is a condition related to diabetes in which the patient has high sugar level. Such patients have a high chance of developing Type 2 diabetes and have a risk of getting a heart attack or stroke. Luckily, the situation can be easily reversed without any medication just with the help of a healthy diet and exercise.
What are normal blood glucose levels?
The glucose level varies throughout the day. The glucose level can be tested in the following ways:
- Fasting glucose test
- Random blood glucose test
- Oral glucose test
What else do I need to do if I have diabetes?
People who have diabetes need a lifestyle change so that they can control the problem. It is important for such people to see an endocrinologist for routine checkup. Diabetes can cause heart diseases, retinal damage, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and even strokes. This is the reason why it is important to eat a healthy diet, do proper exercise, and take the prescribed medications.