It’s estimated that around 1 in 11 people globally have some form of diabetes. Additionally, it’s also estimated that almost half of these cases are undiagnosed. The vast majority (around 90%) of these cases are “Type 2 diabetes”. There are, however, several other forms of diabetes currently identified. Here is a quick guide to all of them.
Diabetes In General
All forms of diabetes relate to issues with the pancreas. The pancreas makes enzymes and hormones. One of those hormones is insulin. Insulin regulates the processing and storage of glucose. In essence, diabetes can impact the body’s ability to produce or use insulin effectively.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes impacts the body’s ability to use insulin effectively. It can generally be managed by a combination of a healthy diet and an appropriate level of regular exercise. Even so, there is a high risk that Type 2 diabetics will ultimately become Type 1 diabetics.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes impacts the body’s ability to produce insulin. This is why Type 1 diabetics are sometimes known as “insulin-dependent diabetics.” Type 1 diabetes has to be managed very carefully; otherwise, it can lead to serious complications, particularly with the circulatory system. That said, it is now possible for Type 1 diabetics to live long and relatively healthy lives.
Gestational diabetes is triggered by hormonal changes during pregnancy. Sometimes, it can be controlled with diet and exercise. Other times, it requires insulin injections. Symptoms associated with gestational diabetes generally end when the pregnancy is complete. It is important to note that experiencing gestational diabetes can signify that the mother is at risk of getting Type 2 diabetes later in life.
Other types of diabetes
Rare forms of diabetes include:
- Alström Syndrome
- Cystic fibrosis diabetes
- Latent Autoimmune diabetes in Adults (LADA)
- Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
- Neonatal diabetes
- Steroid-induced diabetes
- Type 3c diabetes
- Wolfram Syndrome
We hope you were able to learn more about the different types of diabetes! If you are a diabetic patient that needs help with treatment, you have come to the right place! PCP for life is here to help with all of your diabetic needs! We are your local primary care physician in the Greater Houston Area, and we want to ensure you have physicians that sincerely have the expertise to assist you. To schedule an appointment with one of our expert physicians, call us today at 281-968-4096.